SREL Reprint #2810

 

 

 

Elemental composition of native wetland plants in constructed mesocosm treatment wetlands

Beverly S. Collins, Rebecca R. Sharitz, and Daniel P. Coughlin

Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, PO Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29802, USA

Abstract: Plants that accumulate a small percentage of metals in constructed treatment wetlands can contribute to remediation of acidic, metal contaminated runoff waters from coal mines or processing areas. We examined root and shoot concentrations of elements in four perennial wetland species over two seasons in mesocosm wetland systems designed to remediate water from a coal pile runoff basin. Deep wetlands in each system contained Myriophyllum aquaticum and Nymphaea odorata; shallow wetlands contained Juncus effusus and Pontederia cordata. Shoot elemental concentrations differed between plants of deep and shallow wetlands, with higher Zn, Al, and Fe concentrations in plants in shallow wetlands and higher Na, Mn, and P concentrations in plants in deep wetlands. Root and shoot concentrations of most elements differed between species in each wetland type. Over two seasons, these four common wetland plants did help remediate acidic, metal-contaminated runoff from a coal storage pile.

Keywords: Constructed treatment wetlands; Acid coal runoff; Planted treatment wetlands

SREL Reprint #2810

Collins, B. S., R. R. Sharitz, and D. P. Coughlin. 2005. Elemental composition of native wetland plants in constructed mesocosm treatment wetlands. Bioresource Technology 96:937-948.

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