SREL Reprint #2806

 

 

 

Moisture and soil texture effects on soil CO2 efflux components in southeastern mixed pine forests

John J. Dilustro, Beverly Collins, Lisa Duncan, and Chris Crawford

Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29802, USA

Abstract: Monitoring soil CO2 efflux rates and identifying controlling factors, such as forest composition or soil texture, can help guide forest management and will likely gain relevance as atmospheric CO2 continues to increase. We examined soil CO2 efflux and potential controlling factors in managed mixed pine forests in southwestern Georgia. Soil CO2 efflux was monitored periodically in two stands that differed in soil texture in 2001 and 2002, and in six additional stands in 2003. We also monitored controlling factors: soil temperature, moisture, organic layer mass, and A layer depth. Soil moisture and CO2 efflux varied with soil texture differences among the stands. As expected, soil temperature had a strong influence on soil CO2 efflux. Soil moisture, organic layer mass, and A layer depth also were correlated with soil CO2 efflux during periods of water stress, but these relationships differed with soil texture. Forest management activities can alter components of soil CO2 efflux, including soil carbon pools, temperature, and moisture; understanding the underlying variation of these components and resultant CO2 efflux over soil types can help guide management toward desired forest carbon balance trends in southeastern mixed pine forests.

Keywords: Soil CO2 efflux; Soil respiration; Mixed pine; Soil temperature; Microbial biomass carbon

SREL Reprint #2806

Dilustro, J., B. Collins, L. Duncan, and C. Crawford. 2005. Moisture and soil texture effects on soil C02 efflux components in southeastern mixed pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 204:85-95.

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