X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of immobilization processes for heavy metals in calcium silicate hydrates. 2. Zinc
Rose1, Isabelle Moulin1, Armand Masion1,
Paul M. Bertsch2, Mark R. Weisner3,
Equipe physico-chimie des interfaces, UMR 6635, CNRS/Université
Abstract: Tricalcium silicate (C3S), the major phase of cement-based materials, contains naturally a few hundred parts per million of heavy metals. An X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) study at the Zn K-edge has been carried out to elucidate the binding mechanisms of Zn by calcium silicate hydrates, which is important to predict the long-term behavior of Zn. At low concentration, under the threshold of precipitation of the oxide, oxy hydroxide, and calcium zinc hydroxide, no retardation of the hydration of the C3S has been observed for C3S doped with Zn. A previous 29Si NMR (Moulin, I.; Stone, W. E. E.; Sanz, J.; Bottero, J.-Y.; Mosnier, J-Y.; Haehnel, C. Langmuir 1999, 15, 2829-2835) study has demonstrated that the structure of the hydrated C3S (called C-S-H for calcium silicate hydrates) does not change if Zn is present initially or not. XAS experiments have shown that Zn tetrahedra are incorporated within the matrix of C-S-H and linked directly at the end of the silicate chains through Zn-O-Si bonds. The Zn-Si distance is ≈3.1Å. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure results have been confirmed by ab initio calculations including multiple scattering.
SREL Reprint #2556
Rose, J., I. Moulin, A. Masion, P. M. Bertsch, M. R. Wiesner, J. Y. Bottero, F. Mosnier, and C. Haehnel. 2001. X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of immobilization processes for heavy metals in calcium silicate hydrates. 2. Zinc. Langmuir 17:3658-3665.