SREL Reprint #2012






Gary L. Mills and Lawrence R. Sullivan

Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29802.


Tetraphenylborate (TPB) will be used in the immobilization of high-level radioactive wastes in the U,S. Department of Energy's Defense Waste Processing Facility. This will be the first large-scale industrial application of TPB and information regarding its behavior in the environment is needed to assess the impact of potential contamination. Previous work indicated that TPB degrades via indirect photolysis initiated by humic substances in natural waters. In this study, the contribution of selected photo-generated reactive transient compounds were evaluated. Some of the degradation products of the reaction were also identified. The results indicate that reaction paths involving the super oxide anion (02-) have a negligible contribution to humic acid sensitized photolysis. Singlet oxygen (102), generated by sunlight irradiation of a solution containing rose bengal, rapidly degraded TPB. However, the results from experiments evaluating the role of 102 in TPB degradation in solutions containing humic acid were inconclusive. Tfiphenylboron, o-terphenyl, and bis--diphenylbofinate were identified as degradation products in solvent extracts of irradiated solution using gas chromatography - mass spectrometry.

SREL Reprint #2012

Mills, G.L. and L.R. Sullivan. 1995. Indirect photolysis of tetraphenylborate sensitized by humic acid. Chemosphere 31:4541-4547.

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