SREL Reprint # 1990





Vols. 1-2. Albert H. Wright and Anna A. Wright


John R. Lee

Savannah River Ecology Laboratory. Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29801

Just as inevitably as those catching water snakes will at some point reek of musk and pick teeth out of their hands, those reading about any species of snake will at some point encounter a reference to Wright and Wright (1957). Now, reprinted as part of the Comstock Classic Handbook series, both amateurs and professionals alike have another chance to own this herpetological landmark.
For the most part, this handbook is unchanged from the 1957 edition. A new paperback cover design and a "Foreword to the 1994 printing" by J. A. Campbell are the only novelties. Changes in nomenclature over the past 37 years make the table in Campbell's foreword relating the names of species used by the Wrights to modern synonyms much appreciated.
The authors' stated purpose is to give accounts for all the species of snakes in the United States and Canada, and this is well accomplished. An introductory chapter explains the topics used throughout the book (name, range, size, longevity, distinctive characteristics, color, habits and habitat, activity periods, breeding, ecdysis, food, venom, enemies, field notes, and authorities) and gives some additional information on the explanations of names, hemipenes, eggs, and the sizes of young. Also included in the introduction is a series of maps of' the United States showing various features that may influence the distributions of snakes (i.e., plant ranges, geological features, physical divisions, annual isotherms, etc.). However, the text does not directly address the significance of the maps to distribution patterns per se. Following the introductory material is the bulk of the work containing a key to the families and the species accounts alphabetized by genus in each family. The separate keys to the genera are found at the beginning of each family section and contain many excellent line drawings. The range maps included with the species accounts are less detailed than Conant and Collins (1991) but more so than Ernst and Barbour (1989), both of which represent the contemporary standards for a snake handbook. Wright and Wright give more black-and-white photos for each species than do modern texts, but in some cases the photos are not well reproduced (the loss of detail makes some photos appear as simple silhouettes). Contemporary readers may be bored by the exceedingly detailed descriptions of one or two specimens used in place of color plates. In contrast, the field notes from the Wrights' extensive collecting trips often make up the most interesting readings in the book, and the various questions posed by them in the text offer much food for thought (especially when one considers that many of their questions have not yet been answered).
Overall, this book has few faults. Bogert (1957) and Jameson (1957) addressed the flaws in their reviews of the original printing. These include the relative brevity of the introduction, failure of the introduction to summarize some topics (hibernation, scalation, locomotion, relations of temperature to distribution patterns), lack of page numbers and ranges in the keys, and the lack of an included bibliography. The bibliography is the third volume of this series and soon went out of print following publication in 1962 by the Wrights. Luckily, it is available through the Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology series of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.
In the foreword, Campbell points out that this book has "aged well [and it] continues to be a valuable and useful addition to the libraries of professional and amateur naturalists." Given the fact that currently little more is known for some species than was related by the Wrights, I must concur with Campbell, and I definitely feel that those purchasing this book and its bibliography will gain far more in worth than what one pays for the series.


SREL Reprint #1990

Lee, J.R. 1995. Vols. 1-2. Albert H. Wright and Anna A. Wright. 1994. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Vol. 1 564 p., Vol. 2 540 p. Copeia 1995:753-754.

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