SREL Reprint #1958

 

 

 

 

Patch Isolation, Corridor Effects, and Colonization by a Resident Sparrow in a Managed Pine Woodland

JOHN B. DUNNING, JR.,1 RENE BORGELLA, JR.,2 KRISTA CLEMENTS,3 AND GARY K MEFFE4

1Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, U.S.A.
2Department of Biology, Marlboro College, Marlboro, VT 05 344, U.S.A.
3Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, U.S.A.
4Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Drawer E, University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, U.S.A.

Abstract: The isolation of habitat patches is often cited as having a major impact on the dynamics of small populations occupying patches in a complex landscape Few studies, however, have provided field data demonstrating that isolation has an identifiable effect on specific populations independent of other factors such as local habitat quality or that landscape factors such as corridors can alleviate such effects. We conducted field surveys of Bachman's Sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis) populations in region which we call linear landscapes, where suitable habitat patches were isolated to varying degrees from potential sources of dispersing birds. In these linear landscapes, isolated patches of habitat were less likely to be colonized than were nonisolated patches. We also found that corridor configurations of habitat patches improved the ability of sparrows to find and settle in newly created patches. These results suggest that, for species that do not disperse easily through inhospitable landscapes, habitat occupancy at a regional scale can be enhanced by careful landscape design and planning.

SREL Reprint #1958

Dunning, J.B., Jr., R. Borgella Jr., K. Clements, and G.K. Meffe. 1995. Patch isolation, corridor effects, and colonization by a resident sparrow in a managed pine woodland. Conservation Biology 9:542-550.

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