|SREL Reprint #0990|
Demographic and Genetic Characteristics of White-Tailed
Deer Populations Subjected to Still or Dog Hunting
T. Scribner, Michael C. Wooten, Michael H. Smith, and Paul E. Johns
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
have been harvested from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Savannah River Plant
(SRP) in South Carolina since 1965. Data
have been collected from 6,876 animals harvested from yearly Dog- and
Still-Hunted Areas in adjacent upland hardwood units.
The dynamics of different portions of the SRP herd were followed from
1977 to 1982 to document changes in herd age structure, sex ratios, and genetic
characteristics relative to the different harvest methods.
Age structure, sex ratios, and mortality rates of populations in the
Still-Hunted Area were similar to those of populations collected from the
Dog-Hunted Area. The greatest level
of genetic variability in terms of year and year-age effects on allele
frequencies were observed in dog-hunted populations and in populations in the
Still-Hunted Area after initiation of dog hunting.
Deer populations subjected to different harvest methodology exhibit
strong genetic differences in population characteristics.
Thus, biological resources are likely to respond genetically in varying
ways to different harvest methods.
Harvest strategies. Harvesting
deer, Controlled harvests, Deer dogs, Deer drives, Genetic variability,
SREL Reprint #0990
Scribner, K.T., M.C. Wooten, M.H. Smith, and P.E. Johns. 1985.
Demographic and genetic characteristics of white-tailed deer populations
subjected to still or dog hunting. In Game Harvest Management, p. 197-212.