Temporal, and Age-Dependent Heterozygosity of Beta-Hemoglobin in White-Tailed
K. Chesser, Michael H. Smith, Paul E. Johns, Michael N. Manlove,
Donald O. Straney, and Ramone Baccus
Genotypic proportions and heterozygosity of beta-hemoglobin in a white-tailed
deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herd were secured to
estimate the association of sex, location, year, and age with the variability
of this locus. No differences
(P>0.05) in heterozygosity or genotypic frequencies occurred between
sexes or among 5 regions on the Savannah River Plant.
Heterozygote proportions among 2,455 deer varied (P<0.05)
over the 3 years sampled (1974-76).
Older deer (>3.5 years) had higher (P<0.05) frequency of
heterozygotes than those of younger age-classes.
The association of age and heterozygosity did not differ among
regions or between years. Because
age is an important determinant of social status in deer, shifts in
the age structure of the herd may increase competitive interactions
and, thus, be the source of selection for the changes in heterozygosity.
R.K., M.H. Smith, P.E. Johns, M.N. Manlove, D.O. Straney, and R. Baccus.
1982. Spatial, temporal, and age dependent heterozygosity of beta hemoglobin
in white tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 46:983-990.