|SREL Reprint #0629|
Diversity of Helminth Parasites in Chrysemys s. scripta
from a variety of Habitats in South Carolina
W. Esch, J. Whitfield Gibbons, and Joseph E. Bourque
The species diversity and means number of parasite
species per host were computed for the enteric helminth communities of 78 Chrysemys
s. scripta taken from variety of habitats located on the Savannah
River Plant (SRP) near Aiken, South Carolina.
Analysis of variance for Shannon’s Index and mean number of parasite
species per host indicated significant differences among the six habitats.
The least diversity was associated with turtles captured in the most
unstable and unpredictable habitats. Turtles
from river-swamp locations, representative of stable and predictable habitats,
carried all 10 species of helminths recovered on the SRP.
The most common helminth species were the nematode Spinonoura chelydrae
and the acanthocephalan Neoechinorhynchus pseudemydis.
The results of this study suggest that community diversity of helminth
parasites in C. Scripta is related to habitat stability or
predictability, but may also be a function of the complexity of parasite life
SREL Reprint #0629
Esch, G.W., J.W. Gibbons, and J.E. Bourque. 1979.
Species diversity of helminth parasites in Chrysemys s. scripta
from a variety of habitats in South Carolina. Journal of