SREL Reprint #0626




Demographic Differences in Contiguous Populations of White-Tailed Deer

Richard W. Dapson, Paul R. Ramsey, Michael H. Smith, and David F. Urbston



Over 5,000 deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were collected from 2 contiguous areas in South Carolina between 1965 and 1971.  Age- and sex-specific survival rates were about equal in the 2 populations, but fawn production, age structure, and sex ratios differed markedly despite close proximity of the herds. Carrying capacity, population pressure, and degree of environmental stability were probably responsible for most of the observed demographic differences.  Age-specific dispersal was not a factor in herd dynamics.  The study shows that contiguous, localized populations under different environmental conditions may operate independently of each other.


SREL Reprint #0626

Dapson, R.W., P.R. Ramsey, M.H. Smith, and D.F. Urbston. 1979. Demographic differences in contiguous populations of white tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 43:889-898.

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