SREL Reprint #0619




Reproductive Patterns, Productivity and Genetic Variability in Adjacent White-Tailed Deer Populations

Paul E. Johns, Ramone Baccus, Michael N. Manlove, John E. Pinder, III, and Michael H. Smith



White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were collected from swamp and upland areas on the Savannah River Plant in South Carolina; the genetic variability of females was 9.8 and 8.5% respectively, for the 2 areas.  Reproductive rates (92-95 fawns/100 females) were essentially the same in the 2 areas.  Deer in both populations, age > 2 yr, bred earlier and showed less variance in conception dates than younger deer, and swamp deer bred earlier than upland deer.  In the swamp, deer with 2 fetuses had significantly higher levels of genetic variability than those with 1 fetus, and the trend although not significant was the same in the uplands.


SREL Reprint #0619

Johns, P.E., R. Baccus, M.N. Manlove, J.E. Pinder III, and M.H. Smith. 1979. Reproductive patterns, productivity and genetic variability in adjacent white tailed deer populations. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 31:167-172.

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