|SREL Reprint #0619|
Reproductive Patterns, Productivity and Genetic
Variability in Adjacent White-Tailed Deer Populations
E. Johns, Ramone Baccus, Michael N. Manlove, John E. Pinder, III, and Michael H.
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
were collected from swamp and upland areas on the Savannah River Plant in South
Carolina; the genetic variability of females was 9.8 and 8.5% respectively, for
the 2 areas. Reproductive rates
(92-95 fawns/100 females) were essentially the same in the 2 areas.
Deer in both populations, age > 2 yr, bred earlier and showed
less variance in conception dates than younger deer, and swamp deer bred earlier
than upland deer. In the swamp, deer with 2 fetuses had significantly higher
levels of genetic variability than those with 1 fetus, and the trend although
not significant was the same in the uplands.
SREL Reprint #0619
Johns, P.E., R. Baccus, M.N. Manlove, J.E. Pinder III,
and M.H. Smith. 1979. Reproductive patterns, productivity and
genetic variability in adjacent white tailed deer populations.
Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Southeastern
Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 31:167-172.