SREL Reprint #0279




Y-Axis Orientation of the Oak Toad, Bufo quercicus

C. Phillip Goodyear



Adult oak toads collected from a breeding congregation and tested in an aquatic arena in full view of the sun showed no directional preference.  The toads were retested in both aquatic and terrestrial situations after two weeks in artificial environments which provided both terrestrial and aquatic compartments.  After training, toads moved on a compass course in an inland direction in both aquatic and terrestrial tests.


SREL Reprint #0279

Goodyear, C.P. 1971. Y axis orientation of the oak toad, Bufo quercicus. Herpetologica 27:320-323.

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